What is Cannabis Vaporizer Wax, Shatter and Oil?

Vape Wax, Oil, & Shatter​

"Cannabis oil, wax and shatter are all forms of marijuana extracts that have earned many nicknames throughout the years and for good reasons."

These extract forms of cannabis are usually superior in potency by design, as they are also known as concentrates.

Shatter, wax and cannabis oils are all examples of these so-called concentrates and can provide more than enough THC to have you feeling aligned with the clouds.

cannabis waxes, oils, shatters, dabs,

These concentrates are given their names due to the consistency of the final product.

It must be noted that the same method can produce a variety of different extracts, therefore, the consistency alone does not indicate which method has been used.

"Meaning the consistency does not determine the success of extraction but rather that is decided by the tools and materials used to undertake the process."

Hemp Remedies ReLeaf CBD Dabs

The process of extraction basically concentrates and compounds THC and CBD, which are natural chemicals found in the plant.

With many different methods being used to extract and concentrate these chemicals, we begin to see why they have been given so many labels.

The aim of extraction is to produce a product which carries a concentrated therapeutic mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes, whose characteristics ideally would be similar to the smell, taste and effect of the original bud with greatly added potency.

vaporizer for pens

The consistency varies greatly based on a few factors such as: The strain of the cannabis, solvents used, environment, grow conditions and equipment used.

These all play critical roles in the consistency of the final product.

These concentrates are popularly produced for use with weed vaporizers and dabbing but for centuries have proven to provide much relief and many health benefits for suffering patients. (1)

Persons suffering from illnesses and diseases such as cancer, diabetes, seizures, and glaucoma have all shown significant signs of improvement when introduced to these extracts.

What Is Shatter?

Described as having a glassy amber transparency, shatter is associated with the cleanest and purest types of extracts.

Derived from the process of creating butane hash oil, some forms of shatter have reportedly contained upwards of 90% THC. This is around 4-5 times more potent than regular bud this is used for smoking.

This strength comes from the high terpene content of the extract which along with undisturbed molecules, produces this stunningly beautiful glass like appearance.

What Is Cannabis Wax?

An easy target for those searching for the highest of highs by way of marijuana, this form of extract could easily deliver the highest high possible.

Also known as butane hash oil, this extract gets its’ name from the consistency it takes on after the extraction process.

Nicknamed “ear wax”, this extract can be made within the confinements of your home but it is recommended that this is left to seasoned extractors.

what is cannabis wax

This process has been proven to be very dangerous resulting in injury and the loss of life some occurrences. (2)

Concentrates: Solvent v.s Solventless

Cannabis concentrates are divided into two categories, which are solvent and solvent less.

Solvent being a substance that dissolves a solid, causing a liquid solution to take form.

While solvent less extractions do not introduce foreign substances into the equation besides water.

Solvent Based Extracts

Solvent based extracts will provide a mixture of oils and waxes that ideally, are to be free of all plant matter. The idea is to have minimal residue meaning close to nothing should remain after it is dabbed or vaporized.

The solvents used are usually either butane, CO2 or alcohol, with butane being at the focal point of the marijuana concentrate movement.

Using butane as a solvent produces what we call Butane Hash Oil (BHO). The end result of using BHO leaves us with either a stable shatter or a sticky sap, while using CO2 as a solvent, leaves us with a more oily product.

Different Types Of Solvent Based Extracts

Butane Hash Oil

BHO (Butane Hash Oil) is a cannabis concentrate that is derived from using butane as a solvent.

It can be done in two different ways, either by open blasting or a closed loop system. The closed loop system uses a machine which utilizes a filtration system that prevents solvents from getting loose.

Which is a much safer system than that of open blasting, as the making of BHO has resulted in explosions and the loss of life.

what is a thc vape oil

This process places plant matter within glass tubes with a filter screen at the end of the tube, as the butane flows through the tubes it strips the plant matter of its cannabinoids and terpenes.

Therefore it is recommended that BHO is produced by extractors who are experienced in extraction and also purging. Purging refers to the removal of unwanted elements that could incur an aftertaste and unpleasantries after vaping or dabbing.

Even tho in most cases, you will still be able to find trace amounts of butane in the extract, consciously you should be utilising methods to minimise your risk of exposure.


Really somewhat of a staple in the lives of those who use vaporizer pens,  CO2 is known to be a safer alternative to the toxic butane derived extracts. Once removed from the machine it will be a clean, dab-able item with no harmful residue.

Also, it has the advantage of having the ability to be administered with either the use of a syringe or through dabbing or vaporizing as it can also take on a shatter like form.

One of the few drawbacks, when it come to CO2, is that it lacks the flavor profile that is associated with BHO and PHO extracts.

On the other hand, the process’s ability to kill any microbial bacteria, mold or insect mites gives it a unique advantage over the other methods of extraction.


The soaking of grounded cannabis in alcohol is also another method that can be used to create an extraction. Not only is this method much safer than the rest but it can also be done in the comfort of your home.

A short soaking in alcohol will isolate the cannabinoids and terpenes from the starting bud.

If left to soak for a longer period of time, the alcohol will begin to dissipate all other undesired plant matter.

rick simpson oil

This form of concentrate also carries the title,” Rick Simpson Oil” and is frequently administered either orally or by tincture. Which is most famous due to its’ amazingly potent cancer-fighting properties as opposed to being used for recreational purposes.

PHO (Propane Hash Oil)

This method of extraction usually produces a budder consistency. Having said that, one would like to believe that this method would produce many similar results to that of butane given their similarities.

These differences in consistency are a direct result of propane having a lower boiling point to that of butane. As a result of that, propane extractions run at higher pressures while stripping different quantities of plant oils and waxes.

Solventless Extractions

Solvent less extraction techniques are some of the easiest, most enjoyable ways to produce the highest quality, most natural forms of cannabis extract.

This method undertakes the task of isolating the heads of pure glandular trichome, where the terpenes and cannabinoids can be found.

Even tho added work is needed to make this type of extract dab-able, it is much preferred and recommended as opposed to many other types of extracts.

When either in dry shift or ice water hash form, the term,”full melt” is used to describe the highest quality of solvent extract. Which means that after dabbing or vaping, little to no residue should be left, showing that very little plant material is left within the product.

Different Types Of Solventless Based Extracts

Rosin Technique

Within seconds, this affordable and simple yet effective way to produce quality extracts has been taking the industry by storm.

This technique uses heat and pressure to separate the resin from the plant material.

rosin technique

This technique leaves a solid form of resin that is left behind after using heat and pressure to vaporize liquid terpenes. These factors, along with the strength of the bud can alter the consistency, flavor and profile of the extract.

The end result is typically a glassy, stable oil which takes the consistency of a shatter, but is known to take on other consistencies if the conditions are right.

The industry is also very excited by the rosin technique’s ability to process dry shift and lower grade bubble hash into high-grade full melt. Promising a bright future ahead for this technique in particular.

The rosin technique is a very simple technique that can be made in the comfort of your home. Known as the safe alternative within the making oils from home niche, this technique utilises easy to access starting materials to get you up and running in no time.

Dry Sift

Due to this being a very meticulous process, dry sift is often extremely expensive and difficult to locate. Arguably seen as the most flavorful concentrate due to its retention of the most volatile terpenes, all while preserving the richest aromas.

dry sift marijuana

This process involves separating the trichome heads from the stalk and plant matter by using a number of taut silk screens with varying microns.

This method is the most natural way of producing concentrate but has seen massive reductions in production as growers are seeing significantly higher R.O.I (Return on investment) on solvent based extractions.

Ice Water

The idea of ice water extraction is for the ice and water to break the rugged trichome heads off of the plant materials.

This action is done by hand or by washing machine as the solution containing the water and trichomes are then filtered through a sieve sack or a number of filtration screens of varying microns.

After this process, the hash is either broken down into smaller pieces to dry or freeze-dried. Once free of moisture, the ice water hash is placed within an air-tight glass jar to cure.

The consistency of ice water hash is that of a grainy solid, similar to sand but can also be compressed into sheets which allow for dabbing.


So there you have it. You were probably looking up, "what a cannabis wax, oil, or shatter" was in order to understand how it is produced, if it is safe, and what potency you should expect.

It's important to understand first what to expect, what you're paying for, and how much to use to ensure it provides the health benefits you're ultimately looking for.

The key is to choose a quality vaporizer from a reputable vendor that is designed for the form of marijuana you're looking to enjoy. (Not all vapes are designed for concentrates.)

"We can say that using a wax, concentrate, or shatter with your vape pen will have a strong effect on how you feel.​"

best wax pens

If you do enjoy dry herb and smoke regularly; then we think you would enjoy trying a different form of concentrate as well. ​

Related Articles: